During her whole life, Inge Morath has frequently visited this country. She realized the first and widest work on Spain in 1954. During that year, she received the task of reproducing some paintings for the French art magazine “L’Oeil” and that of painting, in Madrid, a portrait of Pablo Picasso’s sister, often reluctant to be photographed. She succeeded in doing this portrait in the middle of the night. She also took some pictures of the lawyer Doña Mercedes Formica, who fought for women rights when Spain was under Franco’s dictatorship. The strong knowledge of Spanish helped Inge Morath to deepen her research about this country. From this work dedicated to Spain, the French publishing house of Robert Delpire published the illustrated volume “Guerre à la tristesse” (1955), which exclusively contains the pictures of Inge Morath.